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County Facts. County seat:. Parent County s :. Duplin .
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Please be aware that N. Vital Records is the only place to get a birth certificate for an adopted child. Divorce certificates may be obtained from the clerk of court in the county where the divorce is filed. It is recommended that you use the latest version of Nitro Reader to view these documents. Note that not all web browsers handle opening of PDF files in the same manner. If you have problems, try saving the document on your computer first and then opening that saved document with Nitro Reader. At the same time they are remarkably clean in their habits, a characteristic not found in the pure-blooded Indian.
Physicians who practice among them say they never hesitate to sleep or eat in the house of a Croatan. By an ordinance of the North Carolina State Convention of , the elective franchise was denied to all 'free persons of color' and afterwards they were debarred from voting till the year of , when a new constitution was adopted. After the adoption of the new State Constitution, they were allowed the benefit of public schools, but having been classed for a long period as 'free persons of color,' they were compelled to patronize schools provided for the negro race.
Owing to a bitter prejudice against negroes, but few availed themselves of the privilege, the greater part preferring that their children should grow up in ignorance, rather than they should be forced to association with a race which they hold in utter contempt. Separate schools have since been provided for their race by the Legislature of North Carolina, which by special act, recognized them as Croatan Indians.
From McPherson's report to the government, discussing their educational facilities, we quote as follows:. By clause 3, section 3, of the amendment to the constitution of , the Croatans lost the right of franchise, and from that date until the adoption of the constitution of they were regarded and treated as 'free persons of color' which practically meant free negroes, and during this period they were not permitted to attend the schools for whites; there were practically no educational facilities open to the Indians at this time.
There were doubtless some subscription schools, but they must have been of the poorest sort. It would be more accurate to say that parents would not permit their children to attend the negro schools, preferring rather that they should grow up in ignorance.
Sampson County, NC Marriage License Information
The children raised to manhood and womanhood are the most densely ignorant of any of these people. Under this clause they were subsequently denied the right of franchise. Section 7, Chapter 68, of the Acts of the General Assembly of , provides that all marriages since the 8th day of January, , and all marriages in the future between a white person and a free negro or free person of color, to the third generation, shall be void. It was held that the term "or free person of color" applied to the Croatans, but notwithstanding Page 25 this prohibition, I understand that occasionally marriages between the Indians and white persons occurred.
I was unable to ascertain whether or not any such marriages had been declared void. An amendment to the constitution of North Carolina in provides that every free white man of the age of 21 years, being a native or naturalized citizen of the United States and who has been an inhabitant of the State for 12 months immediately preceding the day of any election, and shall have paid public taxes, shall be entitled to vote for a member of senate for the district in which he resides.
Section 1 of Article VI of the Constitution of provides that every male person born in the United States, and every male person who has been naturalized, 21 years of age, and possessing the qualifications set out in said article, shall be entitled to vote at any election by the people in the State, except as therein otherwise provided. After the adoption of the Constitution of the right of franchise was restored to the Croatans. In the case of State v.
Manuel 20 N. Slaves manumitted here became freemen, and therefore if born within North Carolina are citizens of North Carolina, and all free persons born within the State are born citizens of the State. Under this decision, which was subsequent to the Constitution of , which deprived free negroes and free mulattoes of the right to vote, "free persons of color" the Croatan Indians were not included and it seems that they should not have been denied the right of suffrage.
Section 1 of Chapter 51, Laws of , provides that the Indians of Robeson County and their descendants shall hereafter "be designated and known as the Croatan Indians. Section 2 of the act provides that said Indians and their descendants shall have separate schools for their children, school committees for their own race and color, and shall be allowed to select teachers of their own choice, subject to the same rules and regulations that are applicable, under the general school law.
The remaining sections of the act provide for putting the schools into operation under the general laws applicable to free schools within the State. Prior to this enactment the Indians had no separate schools for the education of their children. Efforts had been made to compel them to attend the schools established for the negro population, but they steadfastly resisted such efforts and absolutely declined to attend the colored schools.
It seems to be borne out by historical research that these Indians fought in the Continental ranks during the Revolutionary War. McLean, of Lumberton, N. There seems to have been no feeling against these Indians, for although not white they were allowed to vote. They voted until , when the constitution was changed by the insertion of the word 'white.
A number of them appear as heads of families in the United States census of But they refused absolutely to attend the negro schools, and thus were debarred from school privileges. Hamilton McMillan, who inquired into their history, reached the conclusion that they were descended from the Indians on Croatan Sound and derived their white blood from the Lost Colony of This idea was based on their partly civilized condition when first observed by the early settlers of that region about Under that impression the Legislature of provided separate common schools for them under the name of the 'Croatan Indians.
These pensions were granted under the Federal Statutes of and This act contained the following:. That the said Indians and their descendants shall hereafter be designated and known as the 'Croatan Indians. The provisions for separate schools follow in the act. March 7, , the General Assembly of North Carolina established the Croatan Normal School in Robeson County for the Croatan Indians, and February 2, , the same body enacted that all children of the negro race to the fourth generation should be excluded from the Croatan separate Indian schools.
The Croatan Normal School is at Pembroke. Section 1, Chapter 60, of the Laws of , amends Section 2 of the Laws of by adding after the word "Law" in the last line of said section the words: "And there shall be excluded from such separate schools for the said Croatan Indians all children of the negro race to the fourth generation. Chapter of the Laws of , provide that the Board of Directors of the Insane at Raleigh be authorized to provide and set apart at the said hospital, suitable apartments and wards for the accommodation of any of these Indians now located in Robeson County.
The "Grandfather Clause" of the Constitution of North Carolina, which denies the right of franchise to those who are not able to read and write any section of the constitution in the English language has been held not to apply to these Indians for the reason that they or their ancestors prior to , were entitled to vote under the laws of the State. Consequently, the Indians of Robeson County, Richmond, Cumberland, Sampson and other adjoining counties, are entitled to vote and have been voting under the laws of the State and amended constitution, a right which has been denied the negroes.
They were first recognized Page 29 as Croatan Indians. They were afterwards designated in legislative enactments as Indians of Robeson County. A recent legislative enactment referred to them as Cherokee Indians of Robeson County; but however, they may be designated by the legislative enactment, they are the same people known as Croatan Indians. Since the State of North Carolina has wisely provided separate school facilities for this race of people, separate and apart from the white race and colored race, and they have received their pro rata proportion of the school funds, together with the white race and colored race.
Sections of the School Law of North Carolina, as appears in the Revisal of , under the chapter entitled "Croatan Indians," are as follows:. It shall be the duty of the County Board of Education to see that the next preceding section is carried into effect, and shall for that purpose have the census taken of all the children of such Indians and their descendants between the ages of six and twenty-one, and proceed to establish suitable school districts as shall be necessary for their convenience and take all such other and further steps as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying such section into effect.
And where any children, descendants of such Indians, shall reside in any district in such counties of Robeson and Richmond in which there are no separate schools provided for their race they shall have the right to attend any of the public schools in the county provided for their race, and their share of the public school fund shall be appropriated to their education upon the certificate of the school committee in the district Page 30 in which they reside, stating that they are entitled to attend such public schools. The Treasurer of the County School Fund and other proper authorities whose duties it is to collect, keep and apportion the school fund, shall procure from the County Board of Education the number of children in the county between the ages of six and twenty-one, belonging to such Indian race, and shall set apart and keep separate their pro rata share of the school funds, which shall be paid out upon the same rules in every respect as are provided in the general school law and in the next preceding section.
The general public school law shall be applicable in all respects to such separate schools for the Croatan Indians, except where such general law is repugnant to these special provisions relating to such schools; and these special provisions for separate schools for Croatan Indians shall apply only to the counties of Robeson and Richmond.
Section of the School Law as appears in the Revisal under the chapter entitled, "Public Schools," among other things provides for the descendants of the Croatan Indians now living in Richmond and Robeson counties that they shall have separate schools for their children, as hereinafter provided in this chapter. Chapter 22 of the Public Local Laws of , amends the school law, sections to , by adding "the Indians of Person County;" giving them the same separate schools as the Indians of Robeson and Richmond counties.
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Chapter of the Public Laws of provides separate schools for the Croatan Indians in the county of Cumberland, where the census shows as many as 35 children of school age. Chapter of the Public Laws of provides for separate schools for the white, the colored and the Indians in Scotland County.
And further provides that any child of negro blood shall not attend the Indian schools for the Croatans in Scotland County. The Revisal of , Section , among other things, provides that the marriages between the Croatan Indians and the negro, or between a Croatan Indian and a person of negro descent, to the third generation, shall be void. Chapter of the Public Local Laws of repealed chapter of the Public Local Laws of , thereby repealing the provision for separate school facilities for the Croatan Indians of Sampson County.
North Carolina History
After the passage of the acts of , giving the Croatan Indians of Sampson County separate schools, the County Board of Education put into operation the provisions of that act and during the years of and the Indians of Sampson County were provided a separate school from the other races, and were given their proper proportion of the school funds. The Indians built, chiefly at their own expense, a suitable and commodious school house in Herrings Township, Sampson County, in the center of the Indian settlement, and employed a teacher of their own race, and had a separate church and pastor from the other races where they held then and continue to hold separate religious services for these Indians.
An examination of the school law for the counties of Richmond, Robeson, Scotland and Person shows that this family of mixed blood children would be excluded from attending the Indian schools in these counties, and the act creating the Page 32 Indian school for Sampson County places Sampson County under the same law governing the Indian schools of Robeson and Richmond counties.
Therefore these particular families of children of mixed blood would properly be excluded from the Indian schools of Sampson County.dursarilive.ga
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But the fact that they were excluded created confusion and friction in this Indian school, annoyance to the County Board of Education, and was the chief cause which led to its repeal by the legislature of The tax abstracts and the tax books of Sampson County for the year of and show the following tax payers in Sampson County in the respective townships set out below, to-wit:.
James Butler W. Goodman K. Ammons Dolphus Jacobs C. Faircloth Percy Simmons J. Simmons J.
Simmons Wm. Simmons, Sr.